SEO experts know getting a ranking on Google is not a cakewalk. And Google certainly operates in the most unbending ways. Google tweaks and fine tunes its algorithms so any webpage that deserves to be ranked on the top gets its ranking.
However, with putting the best at the top comes the penalty for those who do not meet the standards. Yes! Google penalizes too!!! And most of the times, this penalty is well deserved.
Let’s look at what’s Google Penalty:
Since the year 2000, there’s been constant change in the ranking algorithms of Google. We witnessed the very growth of SEO industry which is largely defined by those norms. As Google continued to roll out novel and improved algorithms, we saw the elimination of content which was of poor quality. And at the same time, the good quality content got the perks of being ranked higher.
Google penalty is evident in the Penguin update which came in 2012. When it hit, more than 1 in 10 websites were completely wiped out from Google search results overnight because of the quality issue. This is when SEO professionals began to take content strategy seriously.
How to identify Google Penalty?
Automatic or manual, Google penalty is not good for your brand. While in manual one, you may be informed, automatic is caused by the evolved algorithms. And most of the times, it can strike with surprise.
Look for these clues to know the algorithmic penalties by Google –
1) You are not getting a good ranking for your brand website. SEO expert says if not all, your website must earn brownie points and get ranked at least for 1 select keyword.
2) Your webpage which was ranking at one suddenly sees a dip to second or third position in due course on its own
3) You see your website being wiped out completely from Google cache, just overnight
4) You look for your listing on Google and find it as a webpage of your site but not homepage
If you have observed any of these factors on Google for your website, then you are surely facing penalty.
So why Google has penalized you?
Google continually keep on updating its content indexing system through tweaks and revisions. However, there’s no way you can completely understand how these tweaked algorithms work, making it all the more difficult to understand the reason behind the penalty imposed upon your website. Our SEO experts however have put together some 50 common reasons why Google will penalize your website. Here they are –
1. Duplicate Content
Plagiarism is illegitimate and punishable offence. So, duplicate content is obviously a big NO. And as far as Google is concerned, it considers duplicate content as useless. So, when you are drafting that content for your website, ensure you keep it unique. There are some good tools like CopyGator and Copyscape available online to check if there’s any duplication in your content.
2. Buying Backlinks
Most of us have a strategy of buying links which is a part of SEO. Many even state that buying backlinks has nothing to do with Google penalty. It may not be completely true though. Google may see this as a manipulation strategy to gain PageRank. Point is – you may end up being caught in some vicious cycle of buying bad links and you will have to pay for it.
3. Excessive Reciprocal Links
Reciprocal link was initially used as a good marketing strategy. However, eventually many started to overuse and soon became an abuse. So, it may happen that your swapping of links with your clients may be seen as a manipulation, if you are overdoing it that is.
4. Internal 404s
The one thing that Google hates the most is internal errors and problems on the website. So ensure that there are no 404 errors on your website, else you be prepared to be penalized.
5. Overuse of H1 Hashtags
H1 hashtags are used so Google could recognize the page content. However, an overuse of H1 Hashtags could mean trying to boost a listing for a keyword and that could land you in a soup.
6. Linking to site of different language
You may think this should not matter. However, what Google counts is the usefulness of links and your website. If you are linking your website to another site that has content in different language, it may really not be of any use to the users. This automatically downs your points.
7. Footer Links
Footer links must be planned well. It’s not just space to fill in. Consider user experience. Usually, footer has non-important SEO links. Some may put the links for navigation purpose too.
8. Content stuffed with Keywords
You may read many rules about acceptable keyword density in the content. Remember not to fill you content with too many keywords. Overuse of keywords means a red flag for your webpage and you may be penalized for that.
9. Missing sitemap data
Your website structure is analyzed by Google using XML sitemap. So ensure that it is available and you have updated and submitted in your account of Webmaster tools.
10. Broken external links
Be vigilant about your external links. Have them updated regularly. Make sure all the external links are working and users do not end up with 404s error. Else Google may take it as a careless approach towards your website and user experience.
11. Hidden Links
Don’t try and make your links subtle or hide them. That can raise a question of suspicion. Ensure they are clearly visible.
12. Hidden Content
This is one of the most unethical technique used for SEO. Text is disguised in order to manipulate the keyword weightage or the theme. Certainly, you are up for a penalty of you follow this.
13. Scraped content
Pulling content from other website to bulk your pages may seem pretty innocent; however it is seen as duplication by Google. So, if you have done this, it’s time to replace it with your original and unique content.
14. Overuse of Anchor Text
SEO experts used to link keywords to emphasize their authority. However, when the Penguin update rolled out in 2012, it discouraged the overuse of anchor text linking pretty strongly. So, ensure that you remove all the forced and irrelevant keywords and replace them with the ones that are relevant and phrased well in apt English.
15. Website Timeout or Down
Make sure that your website is up and running fine. If your website doesn’t load or shows timeout, your users get irritated and Google certainly does not like that. It may well remove your website from the index rather than letting your users get irritated for long. So be vigilant about it.
16. Neglecting hreflang
You cannot neglect this one. If you happen to publish any content intentionally that’s duplicate, it notifies Google and that’s certainly not good.
17. Keyword domains
Using keyword domains can be tricky. If you keep linking the anchor text to your keyword domain, it might look like a manipulation to Google. So if you still wish to go ahead with a domain that matches your keyword exactly, then you better have a lot of good and relevant content to go with it.
18. Using blog networks
Blog networks are considered as SERP manipulation by Google now. That’s the reason most of the blog network users have either shut down or deleted their incoming links. That’s exactly what you must do as well.
19. Rented Links
Rented links are believed to be useful by SEO experts; paid for on monthly basis. They keep changing them infrequently. No matter what, they are still paid links.
20. Overuse of meta keywords
Meta keywords are easy to manipulate and hence have been a matter of debate amongst SEOs. Ensure you do not use more than 5 meta keywords on one page.
21. Site-wide links
Remember, Google is watching your website page navigation links as well and it really doesn’t like any unnatural link on your website like the one on the footer giving credit to the web developer. Remove it now!
22. Too many affiliate links
Affiliates links are ok to use provided you don’t stuff your website with too many of them. Overuse can raise a red flag and Google might identify your website content as not up to the mark. Many use redirect strategy for affiliate links to mask them. However, Google is smart to find that out too.
23. Slow speeds
Hosting speed is affected by many reasons than you know. So, it’s difficult to detect where the issue lies. So we recommend using CDN or caching plugin for your website.
24. Comment Spam
It’s good to have comment section on your website. It’s great way to let your users communicate with you. However, it’s better you keep a check on it as there may be many spam comments too that get through, despite commenting system having an automated spam detection system. So keep a close watch and don’t let it pile up.
25. Spun Content
Content spinning is a theft. If you have paid peanuts for good chunk of articles, chances are you have bought spun content. If Google penalty recognizes this, it would be too bad for your website.
26. Black Hat SEO advice
Isn’t this one obvious? Writing about black hat SEO is promoting unethical ways which of course, Google doesn’t like. Publish about SERP manipulation using black hat SEO and be ready to be penalized.
27. Hacked Content
Hacked websites are immediately removed from SERPs by Google. So be vigilant and quick to act on this.
28. Spam Reports
Google allows you to report spam sites through online form for spam site reporting. If you website gets submitted as a spam, then Google may penalize you.
29. Speedy Link Building
This is the biggest mistake you can make to boost your SEO. While you are very enthusiastic about ranking your website quickly, but overlinking is a bad idea. That indicates automation. So, go slow and think long term.
30. Forum Linking
While forum linking is widely used by all of us, too much can make your actual post lose its identity. So while using forum link, make sure you use good content and the good practices of linking.
31. Robots.txt flaws
Robots.txt files help search engines deal with your site. Maybe you are excluding some pages from this for genuine reasons, but excessive blocking may lead to penalty.
32. Hiding Sponsors
If you have sponsors, it’s ok to show them. However, adhere to the rules, avoid sponsors links at all costs.
33. Links to suspicious website
Avoid associating with website that are into illegal practices or dubious work. Also keep a check whether the site you are linked to has been penalized by Google in the past or not. If yes, then you better dissociate.
34. Over Optimization
Don’t become overly obsessed with optimization for your website. Google doesn’t like it and recognizes as an effort to eradicate your competition from SEO list. So, check your strategy. Go slow. Be content oriented, which means publish some good and natural content.
35. Landing pages
Creating multiple landing pages to improve your site position on SERPs can be a bad idea. Many companies try to accelerate their ranking process by creating one page websites focused on single keyword and try and filter their users through these sites. As per Google this is not a good practice.
Advertorial pages are used pretty aggressively to manipulate search results. These pages usually have content filled with paid links. These can be good reason for your penalty.
Redirecting your site using 301 redirect can transfer your penalty to a new location. However, once you remove the redirect, you will still have the penalty.
38. Excessive Outbound Links
Too much of swapping links with other websites which are not related to your website can be seen as attempt for mutual SEO gain. While using outbound links, keep it relevant and natural.
39. Error Codes
Google hates error codes, whether 302, 404, 500 or any. So, if your website page shows any of these errors, deal with it right away.
40. Malicious backlinks
You should be watchful about this one as this may be an attempt to bring down your website from SERP listing through Google penalty. It may be because of malicious backlink campaign.
41. Duplicate metadata
Metadata gets duplicated unintentionally through some of the blogging tools and CMS platforms. It may indicate that you have duplicate content on your website. Hence not preferable.
42. Targeted Keywords
There are some keywords which are abusively used and hence considered as spam. Such keywords appear very frequently on spam sites. One fine example is ‘PayDay’. You don’t want to be thrown out of SERP list because of your target keyword, right? So choose carefully.
43. Poor mobile websites
If you have a poorly designed mobile website, Google may not be able to detect the link between your website and your mobile website. Make sure you website is mobile friendly.
44. Smuggled Links
You can’t fool Google by smuggling links into script files. Google is smart to analyze them and identify those weird and misplaced links.
45. Bad reputation domain
Be careful while buying a domain name. if you pick up a domain name that had a bad reputation or a penalty in the past, most likely you would not succeed in getting your website to rank using the same. Rather go for another one.
46. Few outbound links
Outbound links are great for your SEO. Google checks your content in reference to similar ones on the web. Not putting outbound links or having fewer may look like you are just trying to pull the traffic to your door unusually.
47. Prominent Ads
Filling your pages with Ads subdues the main content. So make sure your balance it out and not let the ads dominate the page.
48. Content theft
This is a serious offence and most difficult to deal with too. You may have to file DCMA takedown notices orpursue in the court to get the content removed. Request Google to remove the stolen content if you penalized for that.
49. Quick Fixes
There are many who would claim to put your website on the top of SERP list quickly. That’s a red flag. You rather do some ground work and have a long term strategy.
50. Use of Content Farm
Content farming is largely used in the industry. Here the farm is a term used for sites with shallow or low-quality content. Low quality content is a big No in Google’s book. So, if you have such content, it’s better to get it redone by a professional.
Dealing with Google Penalty
If you are facing Google penalty, worry not. Most of it can be fixed. However, solution to all may not be the same. But here’s what you can do –
1) Compose yourself and identify the reason behind the penalty.
2) It’s time to look into all those troublesome links which has caused this. Just disown them.
3) If the penalty was manually imposed, ask for a reconsideration
4) And while you do all the legwork and realigning, wait patiently for Google to revert and take action
In many cases, it may not be possible to remove the penalty. If you are into such situation, you rather focus on rebuilding another site then fighting the penalty.
I am a technology expert having 10+ years of experience in IT, Online Marketing and Application Development. Being Co-Founder & CEO at Aarav Infotech India Pvt. Ltd., invests time in Research and Development to fine tune our processes while encouraging my team to embrace innovative ideas for delivering cost-effective output for our clients. My hobby is to share the ideas and thought with effective blogging.